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Table 1 Anthropometric characteristics of the study population

From: HIV is an independent predictor of aortic stiffness

  HIV-ve/MS-ve (n = 92) HIV-ve/MS + ve (n = 44) HIV + ve/MS-ve (n = 73) HIV + ve/MS + ve (n = 17) P value from analysis of variance
Age (years) 45 ± 10 49 ± 11 44 ± 10 48 ± 8 0.12
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 25 ± 4 33 ± 7* 25 ± 4Φ 30 ± 6*ψ <0.001
Visceral Fat (cm 2 ) 71 ± 39 160 ± 71* 86 ± 49Φ 120 ± 66* <0.001
  0.9 ± 0.5 1.7 ± 0.8* 1.3 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.7*ψ <0.001
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.8 ± 0.9 5.1 ± 1.2 4.5 ± 1.4 4.6 ± 1.4 0.110
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.3* 1.2 ± 0.4* 1.0 ± 0.4* <0.001
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.8 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.8* 5.0 ± 0.8 6.0 ± 1.3*Φψ <0.001
HOMA-IR 1.1 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 2.7* 1.4 ± 1.3Φ 4.6 ± 6.1*ψ <0.001
hs-CRP (mg/L) 0.7 ± 1.6 3.1 ± 4.0* 2.2 ± 2.7* 4.6 ± 4.5*ψ <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 117 ± 12 130 ± 14* 118 ± 16Φ 138 ± 16*ψ <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 73 ± 9 80 ± 8* 75 ± 9Φ 85 ± 8*ψ <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 88 ± 14 110 ± 17* 89 ± 11Φ 106 ± 16*ψ <0.001
Smoking (%) 32 32 37 41 0.799
PWV (m/s) 5.6 ± 1.0 6.7 ± 1.7* 6.2 ± 1.9* 7.4 ± 2.4*ψ <0.001
  1. *p < 0.05 versus HIV-ve/MS-ve.
  2. Φp < 0.05 versus HIV-ve/MS + ve.
  3. ψp < 0.05 versus HIV + ve/MS-ve.