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Table 3 Associations between PWV and study characteristics of HIV and the metabolic syndrome

From: HIV is an independent predictor of aortic stiffness

    Aortic distensibility (mmHg-1)
  Pulse wave velocity Ascending Proximal descending Abdominal
  r p r p r p r p
Age (years) 0.52 <0.001 −0.41 <0.001 −0.37 <0.001 −0.29 <0.001
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 0.20 0.043 −0.15 0.11 −0.23 <0.001 −0.22 <0.001
Visceral Fat (cm 2 ) 0.24 0.008 −0.09 0.28 −0.25 <0.001 −0.22 0.01
Glucose (mmol/l) 0.15 0.049 −0.13 0.12 −0.24 <0.001 −0.17 0.03
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.13 0.09 −0.07 0.37 −0.20 0.01 −0.24 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) −0.14 0.07 0.01 0.99 0.08 0.34 0.09 0.26
hsCRP (mg/L) 0.33 <0.001 −0.14 0.01 −0.30 <0.001 −0.26 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) −0.27 <0.001 −0.29 <0.001 −0.32 <0.001 −0.36 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 0.20 <0.001 −0.17 <0.02 −0.21 <0.001 −0.23 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 0.19 0.02 −0.15 0.08 −0.21 <0.001 −0.31 <0.001
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.13 0.87 −0.12 0.14 −0.16 0.04 −0.11 0.18
HOMA-IR 0.09 0.39 −0.08 0.35 −0.15 0.06 −0.15 0.05
Past or present smoking 0.28 <0.001 −0.17 0.03 −0.18 0.03 −0.10 0.20
Viral load (copies/mL) 0.06 0.56 −0.12 0.30 −0.12 0.29 −0.04 0.69
Nadir CD4 count (10 6 /L) −0.13 0.30 −0.06 0.62 0.09 0.42 0.16 0.17
Current CD4 count (10 6 /L) 0.26 0.014 −0.14 0.23 −0.02 0.83 −0.05 0.67
PIs 0.06 0.51 0.11 0.23 0.03 0.75 −0.11 0.24
NRTIs 0.11 0.22 −0.10 0.27 −0.17 0.08 −0.22 0.02
NNRTIs 0.05 0.58 −0.18 0.06 −0.18 0.05 −0.12 0.18
Duration of HAART (years) 0.20 0.09 −0.12 0.36 −0.07 0.57 −0.10 0.42
HIV infection 0.23 0.001 −0.21 0.01 −0.25 <0.001 −0.21 0.01